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钢琴的寿命和哪些因素有关呢?What effects the longevity of the piano?
浏览: 发布日期:2019-05-15

对于钢琴的“寿命”有不同的说法,也有很大差异。这是因为不同的人对钢琴有不同感受和观察视角,自然就会有不同的说法。钢琴就像一个人,其终极寿命可长达百年。

There are different versions of the piano's "life span," and they vary widely. This is because different people have different feelings and perspectives on the piano, so they will have different opinions. Piano is like a person, whose ultimate life span can be as long as 100 years.

 

钢琴的寿命和哪些因素有关呢?What effects the longevity of the piano?

 

  新琴有如幼儿,需适应环境,有些变化本属正常现象就需“家长”和“医生”的专心照料,倍加爱护,三、五年后如若不是过度使用就较稳定,四五十年内在正常保养和维修的前提下也不会有什么大问题。

     New piano is like a child and need to adapt to the environment, some changes are normal phenomenon need "parents" and "doctors" to care, and, three or five years later if not excessive use is more stable, 40 or 50 years under the premise of normal maintenance and repair will not have any big problems.

 

  待钢琴进入“老龄”状态,由于部件的老化、磨损、虫蛀等多种原因,问题就渐多起来,此时调律师也无奈,这就如同一位老人,医生可以为其诊治病状,却无法根治其衰老。

      Wait for a piano to enter "old age" condition, as a result of a variety of reasons such as component ageing, wear, bug eat by moth, the problem rises gradually, right now attune lawyer is also helpless, this is like an old person, the doctor can make a diagnosis and treat ill state, but cannot cure its consenescence radical however.

 

  不同的是钢琴可以在很多方面作到“返老还童”,例如换键盘、击弦机甚至换弦列音板,但因时代久远结构陈旧、整体老化等问题则较难挽回。

      The difference is that the piano can be in many ways to "rejuvenate", such as changing the keyboard, the action or even changing the string line sound board, but because of the age of the old structure, the overall aging problem is more difficult to recover.

 

  钢琴的寿命多长,取决于其材料的老化、功能的退化、结构的陈旧等因素。虽然从上述条件看钢琴可用百年,然而由于诸多因素使钢琴寿命存在很大差异。

      How long the life of a piano depends on its material aging, functional degradation, structural obsolescence and other factors. Although the piano can be used for one hundred years according to the above conditions, its life is quite different due to many factors.

 

  一、 制造质量  Manufacturing quality

  质量较差的琴,仅二、三十年便失去使用价值。但质量好的琴,则可以用很久。

     Worse quality pianos lose their use after only twenty or thirty years. But a good piano can last a long time.

 

  二、环境因素  Environmental factors

  高级琴寿命长,普及琴则寿命相对较短。这是因为购买低档琴的中小学校、普通家庭居室条件差,对琴也疏于管理,甚至不想花费保养维修的费用。而购买高级琴的客户,居住条件较好,能按时进行维修保养,又加之高级琴选料精良、工艺考究,故寿命较长。

     The high - grade piano has a long life, while the popular piano has a relatively short life. This is because of the poor condition of the primary and secondary schools and ordinary families that buy low-grade pianos. They also neglect the management of the pianos and do not even want to spend the cost of maintenance. And the customers who buy the advanced piano, living conditions are better, can carry out maintenance on time, in addition to the superior qin material selection, exquisite technology, so it can last a long life.

 

  三、使用因素  The factor of using

  很多物品,“弃之不用”更易损坏,就钢琴而言,都是“用之过度”,比不用损坏的速度更快的多,对钢琴的要求还与使用目的不同而存在很大差异。

     Many items are more likely to be damaged if they are "discarded or not used". As far as the piano is concerned, it is "overused", which is much faster than not damaged. The requirements on the piano are also quite different from the purpose of use.

 

  要求很高的演奏会用琴,使用比较频繁的情况下,二十年左右就应换新琴。但这些琴并非失去使用价值,它可以“退役”到二流剧场,或学校、家庭,若不是过度使用仍可用上几十年。

     Demanding concert use of the piano, the more frequent use of the case, about 20 years should be renewed. But these are not lost use value, it can be "retired" to second-rate theater, or school, family, if not overuse can still be used for decades.

 

  在一些艺术院校,钢琴的使用率很高,十几二十年后机件磨损就很严重,在正确的维修,部件更换的情况下仍可继续使用二、三十年的也不在少数。

     In some art colleges and universities, the use rate of the piano is very high. After more than ten or twenty years, the parts wear out seriously. Under the condition of correct maintenance and component replacement, the piano can still be used for twenty or thirty years.

 

  在家庭中,高级钢琴教师或演奏程度很高的学生,钢琴使用率也很高,在每日长时间的使用中,虽然也经常进行维修保养甚至对部分零件进行更换,但其键盘的敏感、舒适度会逐渐下降,声音也会出现“亮而薄”的老琴的特征,虽然换上新弦槌会有所缓解,但音板的老化是不可避免的;在一般非钢琴专业的教师或音乐工作者使用的钢琴在正常情况下,使用三、四十年不会有什么大问题。

     In the family, senior piano teacher or high level students, piano utilization rate is also high, in the long time of everyday use, although often for maintenance or parts for replacement, but gradually the decrease of the keyboard sensitive, comfort, sound also can appear "light and thin" of the characteristics of the old piano, although the new hammer head will ease, but the soundboard aging is inevitable; In the general non-piano professional teachers or music workers to use the piano in the normal circumstances, the use of 30, 40 years will not be a big problem.

 

  四、保养因素  Maintenance factors

  钢琴同家电不同的是,家电使用要花电费,钢琴使用要花调律维修费。

     Piano is different from home appliances, home appliances use to spend electricity, piano use to spend tuning maintenance costs.

 

  钢琴调律,可以保证钢琴的音准,为演奏者提供适宜的音色,因此,使用钢琴,应该注重其在调律维修方面的保养,让钢琴弹奏更敏感,更舒适,更灵动。

      Piano tuning can ensure the intonation of the piano and provide the players with appropriate timbre. Therefore, when using the piano, attention should be paid to its maintenance in tuning maintenance to make the piano playing more sensitive, more comfortable and more flexible.