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鋼琴的壽命和哪些因素有關呢?What effects the longevity of the piano?
瀏覽: 發布日期:2019-05-15

對于鋼琴的“壽命”有不同的說法,也有很大差異。這是因為不同的人對鋼琴有不同感受和觀察視角,自然就會有不同的說法。鋼琴就像一個人,其終極壽命可長達百年。

There are different versions of the piano's "life span," and they vary widely. This is because different people have different feelings and perspectives on the piano, so they will have different opinions. Piano is like a person, whose ultimate life span can be as long as 100 years.

 

鋼琴的壽命和哪些因素有關呢?What effects the longevity of the piano?

 

  新琴有如幼兒,需適應環境,有些變化本屬正常現象就需“家長”和“醫生”的專心照料,倍加愛護,三、五年后如若不是過度使用就較穩定,四五十年內在正常保養和維修的前提下也不會有什么大問題。

     New piano is like a child and need to adapt to the environment, some changes are normal phenomenon need "parents" and "doctors" to care, and, three or five years later if not excessive use is more stable, 40 or 50 years under the premise of normal maintenance and repair will not have any big problems.

 

  待鋼琴進入“老齡”狀態,由于部件的老化、磨損、蟲蛀等多種原因,問題就漸多起來,此時調律師也無奈,這就如同一位老人,醫生可以為其診治病狀,卻無法根治其衰老。

      Wait for a piano to enter "old age" condition, as a result of a variety of reasons such as component ageing, wear, bug eat by moth, the problem rises gradually, right now attune lawyer is also helpless, this is like an old person, the doctor can make a diagnosis and treat ill state, but cannot cure its consenescence radical however.

 

  不同的是鋼琴可以在很多方面作到“返老還童”,例如換鍵盤、擊弦機甚至換弦列音板,但因時代久遠結構陳舊、整體老化等問題則較難挽回。

      The difference is that the piano can be in many ways to "rejuvenate", such as changing the keyboard, the action or even changing the string line sound board, but because of the age of the old structure, the overall aging problem is more difficult to recover.

 

  鋼琴的壽命多長,取決于其材料的老化、功能的退化、結構的陳舊等因素。雖然從上述條件看鋼琴可用百年,然而由于諸多因素使鋼琴壽命存在很大差異。

      How long the life of a piano depends on its material aging, functional degradation, structural obsolescence and other factors. Although the piano can be used for one hundred years according to the above conditions, its life is quite different due to many factors.

 

  一、 制造質量  Manufacturing quality

  質量較差的琴,僅二、三十年便失去使用價值。但質量好的琴,則可以用很久。

     Worse quality pianos lose their use after only twenty or thirty years. But a good piano can last a long time.

 

  二、環境因素  Environmental factors

  高級琴壽命長,普及琴則壽命相對較短。這是因為購買低檔琴的中小學校、普通家庭居室條件差,對琴也疏于管理,甚至不想花費保養維修的費用。而購買高級琴的客戶,居住條件較好,能按時進行維修保養,又加之高級琴選料精良、工藝考究,故壽命較長。

     The high - grade piano has a long life, while the popular piano has a relatively short life. This is because of the poor condition of the primary and secondary schools and ordinary families that buy low-grade pianos. They also neglect the management of the pianos and do not even want to spend the cost of maintenance. And the customers who buy the advanced piano, living conditions are better, can carry out maintenance on time, in addition to the superior qin material selection, exquisite technology, so it can last a long life.

 

  三、使用因素  The factor of using

  很多物品,“棄之不用”更易損壞,就鋼琴而言,都是“用之過度”,比不用損壞的速度更快的多,對鋼琴的要求還與使用目的不同而存在很大差異。

     Many items are more likely to be damaged if they are "discarded or not used". As far as the piano is concerned, it is "overused", which is much faster than not damaged. The requirements on the piano are also quite different from the purpose of use.

 

  要求很高的演奏會用琴,使用比較頻繁的情況下,二十年左右就應換新琴。但這些琴并非失去使用價值,它可以“退役”到二流劇場,或學校、家庭,若不是過度使用仍可用上幾十年。

     Demanding concert use of the piano, the more frequent use of the case, about 20 years should be renewed. But these are not lost use value, it can be "retired" to second-rate theater, or school, family, if not overuse can still be used for decades.

 

  在一些藝術院校,鋼琴的使用率很高,十幾二十年后機件磨損就很嚴重,在正確的維修,部件更換的情況下仍可繼續使用二、三十年的也不在少數。

     In some art colleges and universities, the use rate of the piano is very high. After more than ten or twenty years, the parts wear out seriously. Under the condition of correct maintenance and component replacement, the piano can still be used for twenty or thirty years.

 

  在家庭中,高級鋼琴教師或演奏程度很高的學生,鋼琴使用率也很高,在每日長時間的使用中,雖然也經常進行維修保養甚至對部分零件進行更換,但其鍵盤的敏感、舒適度會逐漸下降,聲音也會出現“亮而薄”的老琴的特征,雖然換上新弦槌會有所緩解,但音板的老化是不可避免的;在一般非鋼琴專業的教師或音樂工作者使用的鋼琴在正常情況下,使用三、四十年不會有什么大問題。

     In the family, senior piano teacher or high level students, piano utilization rate is also high, in the long time of everyday use, although often for maintenance or parts for replacement, but gradually the decrease of the keyboard sensitive, comfort, sound also can appear "light and thin" of the characteristics of the old piano, although the new hammer head will ease, but the soundboard aging is inevitable; In the general non-piano professional teachers or music workers to use the piano in the normal circumstances, the use of 30, 40 years will not be a big problem.

 

  四、保養因素  Maintenance factors

  鋼琴同家電不同的是,家電使用要花電費,鋼琴使用要花調律維修費。

     Piano is different from home appliances, home appliances use to spend electricity, piano use to spend tuning maintenance costs.

 

  鋼琴調律,可以保證鋼琴的音準,為演奏者提供適宜的音色,因此,使用鋼琴,應該注重其在調律維修方面的保養,讓鋼琴彈奏更敏感,更舒適,更靈動。

      Piano tuning can ensure the intonation of the piano and provide the players with appropriate timbre. Therefore, when using the piano, attention should be paid to its maintenance in tuning maintenance to make the piano playing more sensitive, more comfortable and more flexible.